Metal feedstocks

Industrial sourcing

Low alloys
Stainless steels
Superalloys

Learn more

PiM feedstock classification

From typical alloys to superalloys



Pam is a 3D printing technology dedicated to print industrial PiM feedstocks; from metals to technical ceramics.

Pollen AM Diagram Ashby Metal Ceramic - Pellet Extruder

The Pam technology is open to materials, consumables are widely available in their industrial format, the pellets. It is this technological difference that gives access to the widest library of MiM materials on the market.
Almost all the metal alloys that can be atomized in powder form can be treated with PiM process and therefore with Pam.

These metal alloys can be classified into four categories:
- Ferrous alloys: steels, stainless steels, tool steels, magnetic iron-nickel alloys and special ferrous alloys;
- Tungsten alloys: heavy alloys of tungsten and tungsten-copper;
- Hard materials: cemented carbides (tungsten carbide) and cermets (composite material composed of a ceramic reinforcement and a metallic matrix);
- Special materials including precious metals (silver, copper, gold, etc.), titanium alloys, aluminium, chromium-cobalt, nickel, nickel-based superalloys, molybdenum, and particulate composites.

As a dedicated technology inspired by micro-extrusion techniques, the Pam Technology is meant to 3D print most kinds of MiM feedstocks.

Materials are usually classified into different categories according to their nature and their mechanical properties such as their Young's modulus, etc.

Already compatible with:

Kraiburg TPE - Pellet extruder
Solvay - Pellet extruder
Albis - Pellet extruder
BASF - Pellet extruder
Borealis - Pellet extruder
Celanese - Pellet extruder
Total - Pellet extruder
Clariant - Pellet extruder
Covestro - Pellet extruder
Dow - Pellet extruder
Eastman - Pellet extruder
Ineos Styrolution - Pellet extruder
Kuraray - Pellet extruder
Lati - Pellet extruder
Lotte - Pellet extruder
Nature Works - Pellet extruder
Polymim - Pellet extruder
Polyone - Pellet extruder
Sabic - Pellet extruder

Pam technology is compatible with most chemistry in the shape of pellets.

Metal feedstocks
Sourced from key leaders.

The Pam Technology can print most existing Metal Injection Moulding feedstocks. Learn more about the process.

Metal applications matter to the most demanding industries when very high mechanical and thermal properties are required.
The large majority of MiM feedstock are based on catalytic binder systems or on water-soluble binder systems. They allow the production of complex metal components and meet high quality requirements.

Using standard MiM feedstock with the Pam Technology particularly makes sense for industries already used to them. Existing grades can be printed as-is at their unbeatable high volume price.

Pollen Am MiM Stainless Steel 17-4PH printed parts - Pellet Extruder
Stainless steel - 17-4PH (1.4542)

17-4PH stainless steel is a grade of martensitic precipitation hardened stainless steel, can be heat treated to high levels of strength and hardness, features corrosion resistance and machinability comparable to austenitic 304 stainless.

This versatile material is widely used in the aerospace, chemical, petrochemical, food processing, paper and general metalworking industries.


Alloy composition

ElementContent
Cr15 - 17,5%
Ni3,0 - 5,0%
Mn1,0% max
Si1,0% max
Cu3,0 - 5,0%
C0,07% max
FeBalance

Yield Strength (Rp0.2)

> 660 MPa

Strength @ Break (Rm)

> 800 MPa

Tensile Elongation

> 3 %

Hardness

320 HV (32 HRC)

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6892-1, EN ISO 6507-1, EN ISO 6508-1.


System compatibility


 Watch the video

 Download the material data sheet


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Pollen Am MiM Stainless Steel 316L printed parts - Pellet Extruder
Stainless steel - 316L (1.4404)

It is a marine grade stainless steel, the second most common austenitic stainless steel after 304 stainless steel. The molybdenum present in its alloying constituents provides greater corrosion resistance than 304. 316L grade is the low carbon version of 316 stainless steel.

It is commonly used in chemical and petrochemical industry, in food processing, pharmaceutical equipment, medical devices, in marine applications, etc.


Alloy Composition

ElementContent
Cr16 - 18,5%
Ni10 - 14%
Mn2,0 - 3,0%
Si2,0% max
Cu1,0% max
C0,03% max
FeBalance

Yield Strength (Rp0.2)

> 140 MPa

Strength @ Break (Rm)

> 450 MPa

Tensile Elongation

> 40 %

Hardness

> 120 HV

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6892-1, EN ISO 6507-1, EN ISO 6508-1.


System compatibility


 Watch the video

 Download the material data sheet


Contact us


Pollen Am MiM Stainless Steel 304L feedstock pellets - Pellet Extruder
Stainless steel - 304L (1.4306)

304L stainless steel is the most common stainless steel, as 316L stainless steel it is non-magnetic, austenitic, corrosion resistant alloy.

304L stainless steel is used for a variety of household and industrial applications such as food handling and processing equipment, screws, machinery parts, it is also a common coil material for vaporizers.


Alloy composition

ElementContent
Cr18 - 22%
Ni8,0 - 12%
Mn2,0% max
Si1,0%
Cu3,0 - 5,0%
C0,03% max
FeBalance

Yield Strength (Rp0.2)

> 180 MPa

Strength @ Break (Rm)

> 480 MPa

Tensile Elongation

> 25 %

Hardness

> 120 HV

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6892-1, EN ISO 6507-1, EN ISO 6508-1.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


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Pollen Am MiM steel 8620 feedstock pellets - Pellet Extruder
Low alloy steel - 8620 (1.6523)

8620 steel is a low alloy steel. It is a common, case hardenable (carburizing) alloy. It is a more responsive to mechanical and heat treatments than carbon steels. It is utilized for various applications requiring good tensile strength and reasonable toughness.

It is used extensively by all industry sectors for light to medium stressed components and shafts requiring high surface wear resistance with reasonable core strength and impact properties.


Alloy Composition

ElementContent
Mn0,7 - 0,9%
Ni0,4 - 0,7%
Mo0,15 - 0,25%
Cr0,4 - 0,6%
C0,12 - 0,23%
FeBalance

Yield Strength (Rp0.2)

> 440 MPa

Strength @ Break (Rm)

> 650 MPa

Tensile Elongation

> 3 %

Hardness

> 190 HV (90 HRB)

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6892-1, EN ISO 6507-1, EN ISO 6508-1.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


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Pollen Am Tool steel M2 MiM feedstock pellets - Pellet Extruder
Tool Steel – M2 (1.3343)

M2 steel is the "standard" and most widely used industrial high-speed steel, commonly used as cutting tool material. It is often used in power-saw blades and drill bits. After heat treatment, its hardness is the same as T1, but its toughness and thermo-plasticity are higher than T1 by 50%

It is usually used to manufacture a variety of tools, such as drill bits, taps and reamers.


Alloy composition

ElementContent
Si0,2 - 0,45%
Mn0,15 - 0,4%
S0,03% max/td>
P0,03% max
V1,75 - 2,2%
W5,5 - 6,75%
Ni0,3% max
Mo4,5 - 5,5%
Cr3,75 - 4,5%
C0,78 - 1,05%
FeBalance

Yield Strength (Rp0.2)

> 800 MPa

Strength @ Break (Rm)

> 1200 MPa

Tensile Elongation

> 1 %

Hardness

> 520 HV (50 HRC)

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6892-1, EN ISO 6507-1, EN ISO 6508-1.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


Contact us


Pollen Am Inconel MiM feedstock pellets - Pellet Extruder
Inconel 718 - Superalloy

IN718 is a nickel-based Inconel superalloy, developed to resist most of all high temperatures, usually in cases until 70 % of the absolute melting temperature. It has an excellent creep, corrosion and oxidation resistance as well as a good surface stability and fatigue life.

This superalloy is widely used in the industrial production fields such as aircraft, nuclear, space industry, etc.


Alloy composition

ElementContent
Ni50-55%
Nb4,7-5,5%
Al0,65-1,15%
Mo2,8-3,3%
Cr17-21 %
ElBalance

Yield Strength (Rp0.2)

> 180 MPa

Strength @ Break (Rm)

> 480 MPa

Tensile Elongation

> 25 %

Hardness

> 120 HV

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6892-1, EN ISO 6507-1, EN ISO 6508-1.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


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Pollen Am Tungsten MiM feedstock pellets - Pellet Extruder
Tungsten Heavy alloy (W-22Fe33Ni)

Tungsten is a heavy metal alloys, also called hard metal. With density superior to 17.5g/CC it combines the great hardness and strength of tungsten carbide with the toughness and plasticity of its metallic alloy binders.

Tungsten alloys are used in a wide range of applications, including the aerospace and automotive industries and radiation shielding and to manufacture cutting and mining products, such as drill bits, high-speed cutting tools, lathe tools and milling cutters.


Alloy composition

ElementContent
Fe1,9 - 2,5%
Ni3,0 - 3,6%
WBalance

Yield Strength (Rp0.2)

-

Strength @ Break (Rm)

-

Tensile Elongation

-

Hardness

-

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6892-1, EN ISO 6507-1, EN ISO 6508-1.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


Contact us


Pollen Am MIM Titanium alloy Ti6Al4V - Pellet Extruder
Titanium alloy - Ti6Al4V (3.7165)

Ti-6Al-4V, also sometimes called TC4 or Ti64, is an alpha-beta titanium alloy with a high strength-to-weight ratio and excellent corrosion resistance. It is one of the most commonly used titanium alloys and is applied in a wide range of applications where low density and excellent corrosion resistance are necessary.

This superalloy is widely used in aerospace industry and biomechanical applications (implants and prostheses).


Alloy composition

ElementContent
Fe0,3% max
00,25% max
Al5,5 - 6,5%
V3,5 - 4,5%
C0,08% max
TiBalance

Yield Strength (Rp0.2)

> 750 MPa

Strength @ Break (Rm)

> 850 MPa

Tensile Elongation

> 10 %

Hardness

-

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6892-1, EN ISO 6507-1, EN ISO 6508-1.


System compatibility


 Watch the video

 Download the material data sheet


Contact us


Pollen Am Copper MiM feedstock - Pellet Extruder
Copper alloy (Cu999)

Copper is commonly used for its excellent thermal and electrical conductivity. Sintered copper parts can be treated like a wrought copper part in the annealed condition and can be machined, plated, brazed, crimped, or staked.

It is often used for heat sinks, fuel cells, sensors, high-speed computer processor chips, and applications which require miniaturization, sophisticated design, and improved thermal management/electrical conductivity.


Alloy composition

ElementContent
0< 0,05%
Fe0 - 0,1%
CuBalance

Yield Strength (Rp0.2)

> 50 MPa

Strength @ Break (Rm)

> 210 MPa

Tensile Elongation

> 40%

Hardness

40 HB

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6892-1, EN ISO 6507-1, EN ISO 6508-1.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


Contact us


Pollen Am Open material technology logo - Pellet Extruder
Open material technology

The material you are looking for is not listed: no worries!
Pam technology is open to materials, that is to say Pam users are free to source the material they want from their existing suppliers. Contact us to have a first processability analysis.


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Airbus - Pellet extruder - Pellet extruder
Total - Pellet extruder
DLR - Pellet extruder
Takeda - Pellet extruder
PPT - Pellet extruder
L'Oreal - Pellet extruder
Alliance MIM - Pellet extruder
Thales - Pellet extruder
Essilor - Pellet extruder
Bosch - Pellet extruder
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Decathlon - Pellet extruder
Kraiburg - Pellet extruder
Netzsch - Pellet extruder
Leistritz - Pellet extruder
Ecam Lyon - Pellet extruder
Ensta - Pellet extruder
Euramaterials - Pellet extruder
Université de montpellier - Pellet extruder
Hauff Technik - Pellet extruder
Hexaflex - Pellet extruder
Insa - Pellet extruder
Université Bretagne Sud - Pellet extruder
CNRS - Pellet extruder
UMET - Pellet extruder
Lattice Medical - Pellet extruder
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Clariant - Pellet extruder
BASF - Pellet extruder
Axon cable - Pellet extruder
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Catu - Pellet extruder
Bic - Pellet extruder
Dow Corning - Pellet extruder
Eastman - Pellet extruder
Erpro & Sprint - Pellet extruder
Ghent University - Pellet extruder
Novares - Pellet extruder
Sanofi - Pellet extruder
Valeo - Pellet extruder
Groupe Seb - Pellet extruder
SKF - Pellet extruder
SNCF - Pellet extruder
CEA - Pellet extruder
Université d'Auvergne - Pellet extruder
Texen - Pellet extruder
Radiall - Pellet extruder
Salomon - Pellet extruder
Université de Lille - Pellet extruder
UTC - Pellet extruder