Technical ceramics

Industrial sourcing

Oxydes
Non-oxydes
Composite ceramics

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PiM feedstock classification

From oxide to composite ceramics



Pam is a 3D printing technology dedicated to print industrial PiM feedstocks; from metals to technical ceramics.

Pollen AM Diagram Ashby Metal Ceramic - Pellet extruder

The Pam technology is open to materials, consumables are widely available in their industrial format, the pellets. It is this technological difference that gives access to the widest library of CiM materials on the market.
Almost all the ceramic that can be atomized in powder form can be treated with PiM process and therefore with Pam.

Technical ceramics fall into three different categories:
- oxides: aluminium oxide, zirconium oxide;
- non-oxides: carbides, borides, nitrides, ceramics composed of silicon and atoms such as tungsten magnesium, platinum or even titanium;
- composite ceramics: combination of oxides and non-oxides.

As a dedicated technology inspired by micro-extrusion techniques, the Pam Technology is meant to 3D print most kinds of PiM feedstocks.

Materials are usually classified into different categories according to their nature and their mechanical properties such as their Young's modulus, etc.

Already compatible with:

Kraiburg TPE - Pellet extruder
Solvay - Pellet extruder
Albis - Pellet extruder
BASF - Pellet extruder
Borealis - Pellet extruder
Celanese - Pellet extruder
Total - Pellet extruder
Clariant - Pellet extruder
Covestro - Pellet extruder
Dow - Pellet extruder
Eastman - Pellet extruder
Ineos Styrolution - Pellet extruder
Kuraray - Pellet extruder
Lati - Pellet extruder
Lotte - Pellet extruder
Nature Works - Pellet extruder
Polymim - Pellet extruder
Polyone - Pellet extruder
Sabic - Pellet extruder

Pam technology is compatible with most chemistry in the shape of pellets.

Ceramic feedstocks
The most efficient materials.

The Pam Technology is able to print existing Ceramic Injection Moulding feedstocks. Learn more about the process.

Engineering ceramics materials used in technical applications satisfy extremely highly demanding applications in terms of their properties ; from wear and heat resistance, temperature and corrosion resistance to biocompatibility and food compatibility.
These large properties make it possible to use technical ceramics in a variety of applications.

Using standard CiM feedstock with the Pam Technology particularly makes sense for industrials already used to them. Existing grades can be printed as-is at their unbeatable high volume price.

Pollen AM CiM aluminium oxide pellets feedstock - Pellet extruder
Aluminium oxide (Al2O3)

Alumina or aluminium oxide is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula Al2O3. Is the most well-known oxide ceramic material.
Aluminium oxide is an electrical insulator and has a relatively high thermal conductivity (30 Wm−1K−1). Due to its relatively high hardness, it is used as an abrasive and a component in cutting tools.

This ceramic is widely used in the Medical industry, Military and protective equipment, Electrical and electronics industry, Gem industry, Industrial applications, etc.


Composition

ElementContent
Al2O399,7%
SiO20,05%
MgO0,03%
Na2O0,15%
Fe2O30,02%
CaO0,03%
TiO2<0,01%
B2O3<0,2%

Hardness (Vickers)

18 GPa

Flexural Strength

310 MPa

Elastic modulus

310 GPa

Density

3.89 g/cm3

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6507, ASTM D790.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


Contact us


Pollen AM CiM Zirconium oxide pellets feedstock - Pellet extruder
Zirconium oxide (Zr02)

Zirconia or Zirconium oxide is a chemical compound of Zircon and oxygen with the chemical formula ZrO2. With no pigment, it is an ivory-coloured ceramic. Zirconia is a multipurpose construction material with a very low thermal conductivity and high strength. Components made from this material are significantly more expensive than components made of alumina ceramics.

It is commonly used in dental industry (crowns and bridges), Automotive (bearings),Technical cutters, Pumps tubes & pipes industry, etc.


Composition

ElementContent
ZrO2> 88,9%
Y2034,7 - 5,0%
Others (pigments)5,5 – 6,5%

Hardness (Vickers)

13,5 GPa

Flexural Strength

900 MPa

Elastic modulus

200 GPa

Density

5.92 g/cm3

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6507, ASTM D790.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


Contact us


 Pollen AM CiM feedstock pellets Silicon nitride - Pellet extruder
Silicon nitride (Si3N4)

Silicon nitride is a chemical compound of the elements silicon and nitrogen with the chemical formula Si3N4. It features an excellent combination of material properties such as high fracture toughness, good thermal shock resistance and good flexural strength. They are nearly as light as silicon carbide (SiC).

Its good mechanical properties make Si3N4 predestined for applications as balls and rolling elements for light and extremely precise bearings, heavy-duty ceramic forming tools and automotive components subject to high stress.


Composition

ElementContent
Si2N4> 87.2%
Al2.0 - 3.5%
Y4.0 - 5.0%
Ti1.0 - 1.5%
O4.5 - 6.0%
C0.3 - 0.8%

Hardness (Vickers)

16 GPa

Flexural Strength

900 MPa

Elastic modulus

315 GPa

Density

2.5 g/cm3

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6507, ASTM D790.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


Contact us


Pollen AM CiM feedstock pellets Boron carbide - Pellet extruder
Boron carbide (B4C)

Boron carbide or Tetrabor is a chemical compound of the element boron and carbon with the chemical formula B4C. This material is an extremely hard ceramic; it is one of the hardest known materials, behind diamonds. Due to its high hardness, chemical inertness, and high neutron absorption cross section, is well suited to a variety of industrial applications.

This ceramic is widely used for Wear parts such as blasting nozzles, Abrasives for ultrasonic cutting, Nuclear applications, etc.


Composition

ElementContent
B4C97,55% min
N0,7% max
O1% max
Fe0,05% max
Si0,15% max
Al0,05% max
Others<0,5% max

Hardness (Vickers)

28 GPa

Flexural Strength

-

Elastic modulus

440 GPa

Density

2.50 g/cm3

Typical properties; not to be construed as specifications.
EN ISO 6507, ASTM D790.


System compatibility


 Video coming soon

 Download the material data sheet


Contact us


Pollen AM Open material technology logo - Pellet extruder
Open material technology

The material you are looking for is not listed: no worries!
Pam technology is open to materials, that is to say Pam users are free to source the material they want from their existing suppliers. Contact us o have a first processability analysis.


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